FPS-R References

  1. Hicks CL, von Baeyer CL, Spafford P, van Korlaar I, Goodenough B. The Faces Pain Scale - Revised: Toward a common metric in pediatric pain measurement. Pain, 2001;93:173-183.
  2. Bieri D, Reeve R, Champion GD, Addicoat L, Ziegler J. The Faces Pain Scale for the self-assessment of the severity of pain experienced by children: Development, initial validation and preliminary investigation for ratio scale properties. Pain, 1990;41:139-150.
  3. von Baeyer CL. Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) or Verbal Numerical Scale (VNS) for self-report of pain intensity in children. www.usask.ca/childpain/NRS
  4. Tomlinson D, von Baeyer CL, Stinson JN, Sung L. A systematic review of faces scales for the self-report of pain intensity in children. Pediatrics, 2010;126(5):e1168-1198.
  5. Spagrud LJ, Piira T, von Baeyer CL. Children's self-report of pain intensity: The Faces Pain Scale - Revised. American Journal of Nursing, 2003;103(12):62-64.
  6. Tsze DS, von Baeyer CL, Bulloch B, Dayan PS. Validation of self-report pain scales in children. Pediatrics. 2013 Oct;132(4):e971-9. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-1509. Epub 2013 Sep 2.
  7. Tsze DS, Hirschfeld G, von Baeyer CL, Bulloch B, Dayan PS. Clinically significant differences in acute pain measured on self-report pain scales in children. Acad Emerg Med. 2015 Apr;22(4):415-22. doi: 10.1111/acem.12620. Epub 2015 Mar 13.
  8. Tsze DS, Hirschfeld G, Dayan PS,  Bulloch B, von Baeyer CL. Defining No Pain, Mild, Moderate, and Severe Pain Based on the Faces Pain Scale-Revised and Color Analog Scale in Children With Acute Pain. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 May 25.