Fact Sheets

Note: The fact sheets are in Portable Document Format (PDF) and require a compatible reader to view them. We suggest Adobe Acrobat Reader, which can be downloaded at the Adobe site.

Epidemiology of Abdominal Pain

"Abdominal pain is a common symptom that leads to millions of outpatient visits. National statistical surveys of the burden of gastrointestinal (GI) disease have consistently identified abdominal pain as the most common symptom prompting an outpatient clinic visit." [English]

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Neurobiology of Visceral Pain

"Key features associated with pain from the viscera include diffuse localization, an unreliable association with pathology, and referred sensations. Strong autonomic and emotional responses may be evoked with minimal sensation." [English]
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Acute vs. Chronic Presentation of Visceral Pain

"Visceral pain may take many different forms, and so processes that may be associated with life-threatening or readily reversible conditions need to be considered with all presentations. However, isolated events with an acute presentation and spontaneous resolution are not uncommon." [English]

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Painful Functional Bowel Disorders: Psychological Factors

"Painful functional bowel syndromes such as irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia (FD) are characterized by unexplained persistent or recurrent pain in the abdomen. These syndromes are common across the world, affecting up to 15–20% of the population." [English]

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Pancreatitis

"Pancreatitis is pain caused by inflammation of the pancreas. Acute pancreatitis is associated with acute tissue destruction in the pancreas. Chronic pancreatitis is persistent damage of pancreatic tissue and impairment of pancreatic function and is associated with fibrosis." [English]

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Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome

"Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is defined as chronic pain, pressure, and discomfort (with a duration of more than 3 months) associated with urinary urgency or frequency without any readily explainable cause (infection, neoplasm, or structural abnormality)." [English]

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Male Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

"Male chronic pelvic pain syndrome is defined as chronic pain, pressure, or discomfort localized to the pelvis, perineum, or genitalia of males lasting more than 3 months that is not due to readily explainable causes (infection, neoplasm, or structural abnormality)." [English]

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Chronic Chest Pain

"Angina-like chest pain is a common reason for presentation to emergency departments and forms the bulk of the workload for cardiologists. Clinical evaluation ranges from simple investigations such as electrocardiograms (ECG) (both at rest and after exercise) and echocardiograms to more expensive and invasive investigations such as coronary angiography and pharmacological stress tests." [English]

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Functional Abdominal Pain Syndrome

"Functional abdominal pain syndrome (FAPS) is a state of chronic recurrent abdominal pain that is not due to structural, organic, or metabolic diseases, as far as can be detected by current routine clinical examinations. Abdominal pain in FAPS is unrelated to provocation, exaggeration, or relief by everyday physiological stimuli such as eating, exercise, defecation, or menstruation." [English]

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